16-38 (Types of Engagements and Reports) The fourth standard of reporting states

16-38 (Types of Engagements and Reports) The fourth standard of reporting states: “The auditor must either express an opinion regarding the financial statements, taken as a whole, or state that an opinion cannot be expressed in the auditor’s report. When the auditor cannot express an overall opinion, the auditor should state the reasons therefore in the auditor’s report. In all cases where an auditor’s name is associated with financial statements, the auditor should clearly indicate the character of the auditor’s work, if any, and degree of responsibility the auditor is taking in the auditor’s report.”

In each of the following independent situations, indicate how the CPA responds to this standard.
(a) The CPA is engaged to prepare the financial statements for a non-public entity without performing an audit or review.
(b) The CPA is engaged to compile and review the financial statements of a nonpublic company.
(c) The CPA is engaged to prepare the federal and state income tax returns. No other services are provided.
(d) The CPA is engaged to audit the annual financial statements of a public company.
(e) The CPA’s name is contained in the client’s registration statement that includes audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2010, and unaudited financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2011. The SEC requires the CPA to include in the registration statement consent to the use of the public accounting firm’s name in the statement.

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