The following data refer to Flintoff Fashions for the current year

Question 1: Schedules of cost of goods manufactured and sold; income statement

The following data refer to Flintoff Fashions for the current year:

Sales revenue                                    $570 000

Work in process inventory, 31 December      18 000

Work in process inventory, 1 January 24 000

Selling and administrative expenses              90 000

Income tax expense                           54 000

Purchases of raw materials                108 000

Raw material inventory, 31 December 15 000

Raw material inventory, 1 January                24 000

Direct labour                                     120 000

Electricity: plant                                             24 000

Depreciation: plant and equipment                36 000

Finished goods inventory, 31 December        30 000

Finished goods inventory, 1 January 12 000

Indirect material                                             6 000

Indirect labour                                    9 000

Other manufacturing overhead                      48 000


1. Prepare the schedule of cost of goods manufactured for Flintoff Fashions.

2. Prepare the schedule of cost of goods sold for Flintoff Fashions.

3. Prepare the income statement for Flintoff Fashions.

4. Construct an Excel® spreadsheet to solve all the preceding requirements. Include formulas in your spreadsheet wherever possible. Show how both cost schedules and the income statement will change if:

(a) raw material purchases amounted to $110 400.

(b) indirect labour was $9600.

Question 2: Cost of goods manufactured; overapplied or underapplied overhead; journal entries

Cool Cooking Tools Ltd, manufacturer of gourmet cooking utensils, uses job costing. Manufacturing overhead is applied to production at a predetermined overhead rate of 150 per cent of direct labour cost. Any overapplied or underapplied manufacturing overhead is closed to cost of goods sold at the end of each month. Additional information:

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Job SR22, consisting of ceramic spoon rests, was the only job in process on 31 January, with accumulated costs as follows:

Direct material                        $4000

Direct labour                          2000

Applied manufacturing overhead        3000

Total                                      $9000

Jobs BS67, TR29 and GT108 were started during February.

Direct materials requisitions during February totalled $26 000.

Direct labour cost of $20 000 was incurred during February.

Manufacturing overhead incurred in February was $32 000.

The only job still in process on 28 February was job number GT108, with costs of $2800 for direct material and $1800 for direct labour.


1. Calculate the cost of goods manufactured for February.

2. Calculate the amount of overapplied or underapplied overhead to be closed to cost of goods sold on 28 February.

3. Prepare journal entries to record the events described in requirements 1 and 2.

Question 3: Hines (1991) argues that conceptual frameworks ‘presume, legitimize and reproduce the assumption of an objective world and as such they play a part in constituting the social world … conceptual frameworks provide social legitimacy to the accounting profession’. Try to explain what she means.

Question 4: On 1 July 2011 Sprintfast Couriers, which has a year-end of 30 June, purchased a delivery truck for use in its courier operations at a cost of $65 000. At the end of the truck’s useful life it is expected to have a residual value of $5000. During its six-year useful life, Sprintfast Couriers Limited expected the truck to be driven 246 000 kilometres


Calculate the annual depreciation charge for each of the six years of the truck’s life using the following methods:

(a) the straight-line method

(b) the sum-of-digits method

(c) the declining-balance method

(d) the units-of-production method using kilometres as the basis of use and assuming the following usage:




28 000


34 000


42 000


55 000


68 000


19 000

246 000

Question 4: Star City Limited commences construction of a multi-purpose water park on 1 July 2015 for Pretoria Limited. Star City Limited signs a fixed-price contract for total revenues of $50 million. The project is expected to be completed by the end of 2018 and Pretoria Limited controls the asset throughout the period of construction. The expected cost as at the commencement of construction is $38 million. The estimated costs of a construction project might change throughout the project—in this example, they do change. The following data relates to the project (the financial years end on 30 June):

2016 ($m)

2017 ($m)


Costs for the year




Costs incurred to date




Estimated costs to complete




Progress billings during the year




Cash collected during the year





(a)   Using the above data, compute the gross profit to be recognised for each of the three years, assuming that the outcome of the contract can be reliably estimated.

(b) Prepare the journal entries for the 2016 financial year using the percentage-of-completion method.

(c) Prepare the journal entries for the 2016 financial year, assuming the stage of completion cannot be reliably assessed.

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