ETH 316 – Virtues and Happiness Essay

ETH 316 – Virtues and Happiness Essay

Virtues help shape our aspirations for what sort of person we want to be. In an essay of 1,050 to 1,400 words, discuss how cultivating a virtuous disposition may help you achieve your goals, both personally and professionally.

Include the following:

• Abstract
• Discuss how being virtuous defines you.
• Examine your cultural ideas of virtues and how they compare with other cultures. Explain how your idea of being virtuous fits within a cultural context.
• Explain how your ideas fit within the idea of utilitarianism and individual or group happiness.
• Use examples from your own life and information from Ethics for Life, as well as two outside sources, to discuss the relationship between virtues and your success as a person.
• Conclusion

Format your assignment according to appropriate course-level APA guidelines.

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Even within an organization structured around a single overriding goal

Even within an organization structured around a single overriding goal, competing personal interests and opinions often complicate discussions. In times such as these, a strong negotiator is necessary to help sort out the various goals, wants, and needs and to help reach a group consensus. Consider the following scenario:

· Apex Co. is working on the release of a new product. This product launch is critical to the success of the company. Teams from the manufacturing division, sales division, and marketing division are meeting to discuss the roll out. When the meeting convenes, it quickly breaks down into heated debate.

· The manufacturing division is accusing sales of promising more than can be delivered to the customers who have preordered. A major component to the new product must be sourced from a new supplier due to the rising cost raw materials. Because of the time needed to ramp up the supply chain, manufacturing will be behind for months.

· The sales division is quick to blame manufacturing for not providing accurate projections. Members on the sales team point to numerous e-mails that were exchanged concerning the quality and timing of the orders being placed.

· Meanwhile, the marketing division is concerned that the planned roll-out event for the launch will have to be rescheduled if sales and manufacturing are not able to get on the same page and stick to the timetables that had been agreed upon.

Think over the following questions. you must demonstrate your reasoning in your post.

o   What kind of planning did you employ and how was it different than single-party negotiations?

o   Think of a situation in which you were a participant in a work group that came to an impasse in negotiations.

What is a cohesive response that addresses the following:

o   Which factors that differ from the planning steps typically involved in a single-party negotiation must be considered when planning for this negotiation?

o   What tactics can groups employ to move beyond impasse to resolution? How are these different than single-party negotiations?

o   What techniques would you use during the meeting to facilitate the group’s ability to come to a solution for moving forward?

o   How would these techniques differ if all the meetings were held in a virtual environment?

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Bill’s Lawn Care Mini Practice Part 1 -

Bill’s Lawn Care Mini Practice Part 1

Bill Graham started his career mowing lawns for neighbors while he was in junior high school.  Bill worked summers for the local golf course while he was in high school and now that he has graduated, he is starting his own lawn care business.  You are taking an accounting class at the local community college and have agreed to help Bill set up and maintain the accounting records for his new business.  He has set up a checking account in the business name, Bill’s Lawn Care, at the local bank.  After some discussion with you, Bill has decided to set the business up as a sole proprietorship.  You and Bill established a chart of accounts to be used in recording the business transactions.  In May, 2014, the following activities occur at Bill’s Lawn Care.

May 1    Bill withdraws $20,000 from his savings account and deposits it in the business’ bank account.

May 2    Bill purchases a used truck for $7,000 to use for the lawn care business, he writes a check for $3,500 and signs a 1 year, 6% note for the balance.

May 5     Bill purchases a lawn mower for $300 and an aerator for $500 and writes a check for the total amount.

May 6    Bill writes a $600 check for a six month insurance policy that expires     October 31, 2014

May 7     Bill establishes a $1,000 line of credit account with Jones Fuel, a local gas station.

May 8     Bill writes a check for $50 for a weekly advertisement in the local newspaper.  The advertisement will run every Friday through the end of May, 2014.

May 16    At the end of the first week, Bill has earned $600 for lawn care services.  Of the $600, $500 was paid in cash and $100 was on credit.

May 23     At the end of the second week, Bill has earned $1,100 for lawn care services.  Of the $1,100, $700 was paid in cash and $400 was on credit.

May 26    Bill writes a check for $75 to have the mower blade sharpened.

May 30    At the end of the third week, Bill has earned $1,000 for lawn care services.  Of the $1,000, $800 was paid in cash and $200 was on credit.

May 31    Bill receives payments, on account, in the amount of $500

May 31    Bill receives his monthly invoice and writes a check for $400 to Jones Fuel.

May 31    Bill writes a check to himself for $1,500 for personal expenses.

Instructions:

1. Using the chart of accounts provided below, and the Excel template provided with this assignment, prepare journal entries, in good form, to record the May transactions.  Explanations are optional.
2. Post the journal entries to general ledger accounts.
3. Prepare a trial balance as of May 31, 2014, for Bill’s Lawn Care.

Bill’s Lawn Care
Chart of Accounts

Classification     Account Number    Account Name
ASSETS     101    Cash
110    Accounts Receivable
120    Supplies
130    Prepaid Insurance
150    Equipment
155    Accumulated Depreciation – Equipment
LIABILITIES     201    Accounts Payable
220    Notes Payable
225    Interest Payable
OWNER’S EQUITY    301    Owner’s Capital
305    Owner’s Drawings
REVENUES    401    Lawn Service Revenue
EXPENSES    620    Supplies Expense
630    Fuel Expense
640    Repair and Maintenance Expense
650    Advertising Expense
660    Insurance Expense
670    Depreciation Expense
680    Interest Expense

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Allcell Manufacturing is a division of Birch Communications, Inc. All cell

Allcell Manufacturing is a division of Birch Communications, Inc. All cell produces cell phones and sells these phones to other communication companies. as well as to Birch. Recently, the vice president of marketing for Birch approached Allcell with a request to make 29,009 units of a special cell phone that could be used anywhere in the world. The following information is available regarding the Allcell division:

Selling price of regular cell phone ………. $80
Variable cost of regular cell phone ……….. 45
Additional variable cost of special cell phone. . . . 30

Calculate the minimum transfer price and indicate whether the internal transfer should occur for each of the following:

Show your calculations to receive credit for your answers.

1. The marketing vice president offers to pay Allcell $95 per phone. Allcell has available capacity.
2. The marketing vice president offers to pay Allcell $95 per phone. Allcell has no available capacity and would have to forego sales of 20,990 phones to existing customers to meet this request.

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Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries are both known for their distinctive

Assignment Overview

Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries are both known for their distinctive organizational cultures, and both have been highly successful and profitable companies. Southwest Airlines is known as a “fun” place to work, where socialization and humor in the workplace are strongly encouraged. Koch Industries, on the other hand, has a culture defined by the principles of “market-based management,” where performance and revenue growth is emphasized.

Do some background reading on the cultures behind Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries. Here are some articles and video to get you started on your research that will give you some background about the cultures at these two organizations:

Resources:

Klein, D. (2011). Creating cultures that lead to success: Lincoln Electric, Southwest Airlines, and SAS Institute. Organizational Dynamics 41(1), 35-39 [Available in Science Direct. Note: you only have to read the middle portion of the article concerning Southwest Airlines and not the whole article]

Bird, A. (Mar. 13, 2011). Southwest: Corporate culture combines work, play. The Post and Courier. [Proquest]

Whatley, H. (2013). Principles and dimensions of market-based management. Independent Journal of Management & Production, 4(1), 126-135. [Proquest]

Dissecting the Kochtopus. (Jun. 7, 2014). The Economist, 411, 76. [Proquest]

WorkatWorkTV. (2010) Successful Organizational Cultures. Retrieved at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSZ3IPDmqCg

Case Assignment

The paper should be 7 or more pages long on a critique per the following format:

OUTLINE:

Title Page. Be sure to include the relevant information (e.g., Name, Class, Professor, Assignment, Date) on this title page.

Introduction. Discuss the topic of the paper and how you will approach it. It is best to construct the section after the rest of the paper has been done.

The Culture of Southwest Airlines. Describe the key elements of the culture of Southwest Airlines and explain why these cultural elements are essential to Southwest Airlines’ success. Be sure to apply the background material.

The Culture of Koch Industries. Describe the key elements of the culture of Koch Industries and explain why these cultural elements are essential to Koch Industries’ success. Be sure to apply the background material.

Koch Industries Should Not Purchase Southwest Airlines. Make an argument that Koch Industries should not purchase Southwest Airlines. Discuss the specific differences between the cultures of Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries in support of this position. Be sure to use the background material to support your argument.

Conclusion. Discuss the key points in your analysis that demonstrate the importance of understanding that organizational cultures are not easily changed and why culture should be a primary consideration when organizations contemplate merger.

Reference List:
  List all references that you have cited in the paper using APA or other standard formatting. References include materials from the required background readings as well as any outside Internet or library sources you used in researching and writing your paper.

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Bill’s Lawn Care Mini Practice Part 3 -

Bill’s Lawn Care Mini Practice Part 3

In June, Bill decided to open a small retail operation selling bags of fertilizer to the public.  He has decided to begin by offering two kinds of fertilizer.  Below is the information for the month of June, 2014, for the two types of fertilizer.

Product     Selling Price
Feed All Fertilizer    $27.00
Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    $35.00

Purchase Data
Date     Product     Quantity (Bags)    Price per Bag
6/1/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    10    15.00
6/1/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    10    20.00
6/11/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    20    15.50
6/15/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    10    19.50
6/22/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    10    15.75
6/28/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    10    15.50
6/28/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    10    19.75
All purchases are paid in cash at the time of the purchase and Bill picks up the fertilizer from the distributor, so there is no freight charge.

Sales Data (summarized by week)

Date     Product     Quantity (Bags)
6/9/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    6
6/9/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    4
6/16/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    12
6/16/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    5
6/23/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    8
6/23/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    2
6/30/2014    Feed All Fertilizer    10
6/30/2014    Weed and Feed All Fertilizer    4
All sales are on credit.

In addition to the sales, on 6/20/14, a customer returned one bag of Feed All Fertilizer to Bill for credit on account.

Instructions:

1. Calculate the Cost of Goods Sold and the Ending Inventory values for the fertilizer products under 1) Average Cost, 2) First-In, First-Out(FIFO), and 3) Last-In, First-Out (LIFO). You will need to calculate ending inventory from the purchase, sale and return data given, you may assume that a physical count confirmed your calculation of the number of units in ending inventory.
2. Assume that Bill decides to use the FIFO method and compute the lower of cost or market (LCM) value to be reported for the end of June, 2014. Use the last purchase prices for the market value.  You only need to calculate cost under the FIFO method for this comparison.
3. Prepare the Cost of Goods Sold section of the Income Statement.

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Martin S. Albert (Social Security number 111-11-1111) is 39 years old

Martin S. Albert (Social Security number 111-11-1111) is 39 years old and is married to Michele R. Albert (Social Security number 123-45-6789). The Alberts live at 512 Ferry Road, Newport News, VA 23601. They file a joint return and have two dependent children, Charlene, age 17, and Jordan, age 18. Charlene’s Social Security number is 123-45-6788, and Jordan’s Social Security number is 123-45-6787. In 2014, Martin and Michele has the following transactions:

A) Martin received $120,000 in salary from Red Steel Corporation, where he is a construction engineer. Withholding for Federal income tax was $10,750. The amounts withheld for FICA taxes were as follows: $7,049 ($113,700 x 6.2%) for Social Security and $1,740 ($120,000 x 1.5%) for Medicare. Martin worked in Mexico from January1, 2013 until February 15, 2014. His $120,000 salary for 2014 includes $18,000 he earned from January and one-half of February 2015 while working in Mexico.

B) Martin and Michele received $800 in qualified dividends on Green, Inc. stock and $400 interest on Montgomery County (Virginia) school bonds.

C) Martin received $2,300 interest from Bahamian bank account.

D) Michele received 50 shares of Applegate Corporation common stock as a stock dividend. The shares had a fair market value of $2,500 at the time Michele received them, and she did not have the option of receiving cash.

E) Martin and Michele received a $1,200 refund on their 2013 Virginia income taxes. Their itemized deductions in 2013 totaled $14,000.

F) Martin paid $6,600 alimony to his former wife, Rose T. Morgan (Social Security number 123-45-6786).

G) Martin and Michele kept the receipts for their sales taxes paid of $1,100.

H) Martin and Michele’s itemized deductions were as follows:

State income tax paid and withheld totaled $5,100

Real Estate taxes on their principal residence were $3,700

Mortgage interest on their principal residence was $2,500

Cash contributions to the church totaled $2,800

Part 1- (Tax Computation) Compute the Albert’s net tax payable (or refund due) for 2015.

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Tamar Co. manufactures a single product in one department

Tamar Co. manufactures a single product in one department. All direct materials are added at the beginning of the manufacturing process. Conversion costs are added evenly throughout the process. During May, the company completed and transferred 22,200 units of product to finished goods inventory. Its 3,000 units of beginning work in process consisted of $19,800 of direct materials and $221,940 of conversion costs. It has 2,400 units (100% complete with respect to direct materials and 80% complete with respect to conversion) in process at month-end. During the month, $496,800 of direct material costs and $2,165,940 of conversion costs were charged to production.

Prepare the company’s process cost summary for May using the weighted-average method.

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Sue is working at a sports bar waiting on tables while attending college.

Sue is working at a sports bar waiting on tables while attending college. She is currently enrolled as a sophomore in the school of business at State University majoring in human resource management. What are the possible tax credits or deductions that she can take for her tuition, books, supplies, transportation to classes and fees associated with her education?

Sue also needs your advice about finding a retirement plan or saving plan to start putting some money away for retirement. What advice do you have for her?

It needs to be cited correctly and around 450 or more words

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John and Sally Claussen are contemplating the purchase of a hardware

John and Sally Claussen are contemplating the purchase of a hardware store from John Duggan. The Claussens anticipate that the store will generate cash flows of $74,000 per year for 20 years. At the end of 20 years, they intend to sell the store for an estimated $440,000. The Claussens will finance the investment with a variable rate mortgage. Interest rates will increase twice during the 20-year life of the mortgage. Accordingly, the Claussens’ desired rate of return on this investment varies as follows:

Years 1–5   8 %   Years 6–10   10 %   Years 11–20   12 %

Required:

What is the maximum amount the Claussens should pay John Duggan for the hardware store? (Assume that all cash flows occur at the end of the year.) (Use PV of $1 and PVA of $1) (Round “PV Factors” to 5 decimal places, intermediate and final answer to the nearest dollar amount.)

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